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Fertil Res Pract. 2017 Jan 13;3:3. doi: 10.1186/s40738-016-0030-9. eCollection 2017.

Preconception consultations with Maternal Fetal Medicine for obese women: a retrospective chart review.

Author information

1
Harvard Medical School, 25 Shattuck St, Boston, MA 02115 USA.
2
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, 75 Francis St, Boston, MA 02115 USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Obesity is associated with impaired fertility and pregnancy complications, and preconception weight loss may improve some of these outcomes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the quality and effectiveness of Maternal Fetal Medicine (MFM) preconception consults for obese women.

METHODS:

We performed a retrospective chart review examining 162 consults at an academic medical center from 2008 to 2014. The main outcome measures included consultation content - e.g. discussion of obesity-related pregnancy complications, screening for comorbidities, and referrals for weight loss interventions - and weight loss.

RESULTS:

Screening for diabetes and hypertension occurred in 48% and 51% of consults, respectively. Discussion of obesity-related pregnancy complications was documented in 96% of consults. During follow-up (median 11 months), 27% of patients saw a nutritionist, 6% saw a provider for a medically supervised weight loss program, and 6% underwent bariatric surgery. The median weight change was a loss of 0.6% body weight.

CONCLUSIONS:

In this discovery cohort, a large proportion of MFM preconception consultations lacked appropriate screening for obesity-related comorbidities. While the vast majority of consultations included a discussion of potential pregnancy complications, relatively few patients achieved significant weight loss. More emphasis is needed on weight loss resources and delaying pregnancy to achieve weight loss goals.

KEYWORDS:

Maternal Fetal Medicine; Obesity; Preconception consultation; Weight loss

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