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Mar Pollut Bull. 2017 Aug 15;121(1-2):260-273. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.05.015. Epub 2017 Jun 12.

Assessment of heavy metal and petroleum hydrocarbon contamination in the Sultanate of Oman with emphasis on harbours, marinas, terminals and ports.

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P.O. Box 389, Puerto Princesa, Palawan 5300, Philippines. Electronic address:
Villa Bobby, 8, Allée des Orangers 06320 Cap d'Ail, France.
Department of Marine Science and Fisheries, Sultan Qaboos University, Al Khoud 123, PO Box 34, Oman; Center of Excellence in Marine Biotechnology, Sultan Qaboos University, Al Khoud 123, PO Box 50, Oman. Electronic address:
GEO-Resources Consultants, P.O. Box 1127, Seeb 111, CPO, Muscat, Oman.


The assessment here includes data on levels of contaminants (petroleum hydrocarbons and heavy metals) in sediments and biomonitor organisms, including the eulittoral rock oyster Saccostrea cucullata and subtidal biomonitors, the barnacle Balanus trigonus and the antipatharian coral Antipathes sp., at harbours, marinas, terminals and large ports along the coastline of Oman. TBT levels in harbour and port sediments up to a maximum of 100ppb TBT dry weight are highlighted. Oysters contained concentrations up to 367ppm mg TPH/kg dry weight. The maximum levels of Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn were found in the subtidal sediments and barnacles at the oil tanker loading Single Buoy Mooring stations in Mina Al Fahal. In general, the levels of most of the contaminants analysed are at low to moderate concentrations compared to those in highly contaminated sites such as shipyards and dry docks, but continued monitoring is recommended especially during any dredging campaigns.


Biota; Heavy metals; Hydrocarbons; Oman; Sediments; TBT

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