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Complement Ther Med. 2017 Jun;32:109-114. doi: 10.1016/j.ctim.2017.05.002. Epub 2017 May 11.

Effects of massage therapy on anxiety, depression, hyperventilation and quality of life in HIV infected patients: A randomized controlled trial.

Author information

1
Institut de Recherche Expérimentale et Clinique (IREC), Pôle de Pneumologie, ORL & Dermatologie, Université Catholique de Louvain, Bruxelles, Belgium; Service de Médecine Physique et Réadaptation, Cliniques universitaires Saint-Luc, Bruxelles, Belgium; Service de Pneumologie, Cliniques universitaires Saint-Luc, Bruxelles, Belgium. Electronic address: Gregory.reychler@uclouvain.be.
2
Service de Médecine Physique et Réadaptation, Cliniques universitaires Saint-Luc, Bruxelles, Belgium. Electronic address: gilles.caty@uclouvain.be.
3
Service de Pneumologie, Cliniques universitaires Saint-Luc, Bruxelles, Belgium. Electronic address: aude.arcq@student.uclouvain.be.
4
Service de Pneumologie, Cliniques universitaires Saint-Luc, Bruxelles, Belgium. Electronic address: laurie.lebrun@student.uclouvain.be.
5
AIDS Reference Centre, Service de Médecine Interne, Cliniques universitaires Saint-Luc, Bruxelles, Belgium. Electronic address: leila.belkhir@uclouvain.be.
6
AIDS Reference Centre, Service de Médecine Interne, Cliniques universitaires Saint-Luc, Bruxelles, Belgium. Electronic address: jean.yombi@uclouvain.be.
7
Service d'infectiologie, Clinique Saint-Pierre, Ottignies, Belgium. Electronic address: Jean-Christophe.MAROT@cspo.be.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

HIV infection is often preceded or accompanied by psychiatric comorbidities. These disorders improve with complementary therapies. The aim of this study was to measure the effect of massage therapy on anxiety, depression, hyperventilation and quality of life in HIV infected patients.

METHOD:

Adult HIV-infected patients were randomized (n=29) in massage therapy group (one hour a week during four weeks) and control group. Anxiety and depression (HADS-A and HADS-D), hyperventilation (Nijmegen questionnaire) and quality of life (WHOQOL-HIV) were evaluated at inclusion and after 4 weeks.

RESULTS:

At inclusion, 51% and 17% of the patients had a positive HADS-A and HADS-D score respectively. Two facets from WHOQOL-HIV ("Home environment" and "Death and dying" (p=0.04)) were different between groups. After the four week massage therapy, a significant improvement was observed only for Nijmegen questionnaire (p=0.01) and HADS-A (p=0.04) contrarily to WHOQOL-HIV and HADS-D. Domains of the WHOQOL-HIV did not improve following the massage therapy. Only "Pain and discomfort" facet improved after massage therapy (p=0.04).

CONCLUSION:

This study highlights the positive impact of a four week massage therapy on anxiety and hyperventilation in HIV infected patients. However, neither benefit of this program was observed on depression and quality of life.

KEYWORDS:

Anxiety; Depression; HIV; Massage

PMID:
28619295
DOI:
10.1016/j.ctim.2017.05.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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