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J Biomater Appl. 2017 Aug;32(2):265-275. doi: 10.1177/0885328217715784. Epub 2017 Jun 15.

Sacrificial template method for the synthesis of three-dimensional nanofibrous 58S bioglass scaffold and its in vitro bioactivity and cell responses.

Author information

1
1 School of Materials Science and Engineering, East China Jiao Tong University, Nanchang, Jiangxi, China.
2
2 School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjn, None Selected, China.

Abstract

Three-dimensional nanofibrous scaffolds that morphologically mimic natural extracellular matrices hold great promises in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine due to their increased cell attachment and differentiation compared with block structure. In this work, for the first time, three-dimensional porous nanofibrous 58S bioglass scaffolds have been fabricated using a sacrificial template method. During the process, a natural three-dimensional nanofibrous bacterial cellulose was used as the sacrificial template on which precursor 58S glass was deposited via a sol-gel route. SEM and TEM results verify that the as-prepared 58S scaffolds can inherit the three-dimensional nanofibrous feature of bacterial cellulose. Pore structure characterizations by nitrogen adsorption-desorption and mercury intrusion porosimetry demonstrate that the 58S scaffolds are highly porous with a porosity of 75.1% and contain both mesopores (39.4 nm) and macropores (60 µm) as well as large BET surface area (127.4 m2 g-1). In vitro cell studies suggest that the 58S scaffold is bioactive and biocompatible with primary mouse osteoblast cells, suggesting that the nanofibrous structure of 58S is able to provide an appropriate environment for cellular functioning. These results strongly suggest that the three-dimensional nanofibrous 58S scaffold has great potential for application in bone tissue engineering and regenerative medicine.

KEYWORDS:

Bioglass; bacterial cellulose; nanofibers; scaffold

PMID:
28618977
DOI:
10.1177/0885328217715784
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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