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Tumour Biol. 2017 Jun;39(6):1010428317706211. doi: 10.1177/1010428317706211.

Treatment outcome comparisons between exons 19 and 21 EGFR mutations for non-small-cell lung cancer patients with malignant pleural effusion after first-line and second-line tyrosine kinase inhibitors.

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1 Department of Radiotherapy and Chemotherapy, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China.
2 Department of Thoracic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China.


Recent studies demonstrated a significantly increased frequency of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutations in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with malignant pleural effusions (MPEs). The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of first-line and second-line EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in the treatment of NSCLC with MPEs harboring exon 19 deletion and L858R mutation. From 2010 to 2015, 203 NSCLC patients with MPEs harboring EGFR mutation treated with EGFR-TKIs were reviewed. The efficacy were evaluated with Pearson chi-square or Fisher's exact tests, Log-rank test and Cox proportional hazards model. The objective response rate (ORR) and disease control rate (DCR) for patients treated with first-line and second-line EGFR-TKIs were 21.9%, 91.4% and 14.7%, 85.3%, respectively. The overall median PFS and OS of enrolled NSCLC patients with MPE were 9.3 months (95% CI, 8.4-10.2 months), 20.9 months (95% CI, 18.9-22.9 months) after first-line TKIs, and 7.6 months (95% CI, 6.6-8.6 months), 15.3 months (95% CI, 13.6-15.9 months) after second-line TKIs. The exon 19 deletion arm had a longer median PFS (9.4 vs 7.1 months, p=0.003) and OS (16.8 vs 13.8 months, p=0.003) compared with the L858R mutation arm after second-line TKIs. In a conclusion, EGFR genotype was an independent predictor of PFS and OS. No significant side effects differences between the two mutation groups was observed for first or second-line EGFR-TKIs. This study demonstrated that EGFR mutations are significant predictors for advanced NSCLC patients with MPE receiving second-line EGFR-TKIs treatment.


Non-small-cell lung cancer; epidermal growth factor receptor; malignant pleural effusion; progression-free survival; tyrosine kinase inhibitors

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