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Life Sci. 1985 Jul 1;36(26):2503-8.

Inhibition of NADH-linked oxidation in brain mitochondria by 1-methyl-4-phenyl-pyridine, a metabolite of the neurotoxin, 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,5,6-tetrahydropyridine.


1-methyl-4-phenylpyridine (MPP+), a major metabolite of the neurotoxin, 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,5,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) inhibited the ADP-stimulated and uncoupled oxidation of NADH-linked substrates by brain mitochondrial preparations. MPTP itself was ineffective. The apparent Ki's for MPP+ inhibition of pyruvate or glutamate oxidation by purified rat brain mitochondria were approximately 300 and 400 microM, respectively; with mouse brain mitochondria the values were lower, 60 and 150 microM, respectively. Succinate oxidation was unaffected by either compound. Compromise of mitochondrial oxidative capacity by MPP+ could be an important factor in mechanisms underlying the toxicity of MPTP.

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