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Gene. 1985;34(2-3):187-96.

Type 1C fimbriae of a uropathogenic Escherichia coli strain: cloning and characterization of the genes involved in the expression of the 1C antigen and nucleotide sequence of the subunit gene.


The genes responsible for expression of type 1C fimbriae have been cloned from the uropathogenic Escherichia coli strain AD110 in the plasmid vector pACYC184. Analysis of deletion mutants from these plasmids showed that a 7-kb DNA fragment was required for biosynthesis of 1C fimbriae. Further analysis of this DNA fragment showed that four genes are present encoding proteins of 16, 18.5, 21 and 89 kDal. A DNA fragment encoding the 16-kDal fimbrial subunit has been cloned. The nucleotide sequence of the structural gene and of the C- and N-terminal flanking regions was determined. The structural gene codes for a polypeptide of 181 amino acids, including a 24-residue N-terminal signal sequence. The nucleotide sequence and the deduced amino acid sequence of the 1C subunit gene were compared with the sequences of the fimA gene, encoding the type 1 fimbrial subunit of E. coli K-12. The data show absolute homology at the N- and C-termini; there is less, but significant homology in the region between the N- and C-termini. Comparison of the amino acid compositions of the 1C and FimA subunit proteins with those of the F72 and PapA proteins (subunits for P-fimbriae) revealed that homology between these two sets of fimbrial subunits is also maximal at the N- and C-termini.

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