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Int J Environ Health Res. 2017 Oct;27(5):332-343. doi: 10.1080/09603123.2017.1339784. Epub 2017 Jun 13.

Environmental exposure to parabens and sperm chromosome disomy.

Author information

1
a Department of Environmental Epidemiology , Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine , Lodz , Poland.
2
b Department of Gynecology and Reproduction , "Gameta" Hospital , Rzgów , Poland.
3
c Department of Toxicology , Medical University of Gdańsk , Gdańsk , Poland.
4
d Department of Medical Genetics , Polish Mother's Memorial Hospital - Research Institute , Lodz , Poland.

Abstract

Parabens are widely used as antimicrobial preservatives in cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, food and beverage processing due to their board spectrum of activity, inertness, and low cost. The study population consisted of 156 men under 45 years of age who attended the infertility clinic for diagnostic purposes with normal semen concentration of 15-300 mln/ml. Participants were interviewed and provided a semen sample. The parabens concentrations: ethyl paraben (EP), butyl paraben (BP), methyl paraben (MP), and iso-butyl paraben (iBuP) were analyzed in the urine using a validated gas chromatography ion-tap mass spectrometry method. The positive association was found between urinary level of BP and XY18 disomy (p = 0.045) and PP and disomy of chromosome 13 (p = 0.007). This is the first study to examine these relationships, and replication of our findings is needed before the association between parabens concentration in urine and aneuploidy can be fully defined. These findings may be of concern due to increased parabens use.

KEYWORDS:

Sperm aneuploidy; environmental exposure; parabens; sperm chromosome disomy

PMID:
28609180
DOI:
10.1080/09603123.2017.1339784
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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