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J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2017 Oct;26(10):2313-2319. doi: 10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2017.05.019. Epub 2017 Jun 9.

Effects of Virtual Reality Training using Xbox Kinect on Motor Function in Stroke Survivors: A Preliminary Study.

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Department of Physical Therapy, Konyang University, Daejeon, Republic of Korea.
Department of Physical Therapy, Misodle Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
Physical Therapy Part, Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Republic of Korea.
Department of Physical Therapy, Kyungnam University, Changwon, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:



Although the Kinect gaming system (Microsoft Corp, Redmond, WA) has been shown to be of therapeutic benefit in rehabilitation, the applicability of Kinect-based virtual reality (VR) training to improve motor function following a stroke has not been investigated. This study aimed to investigate the effects of VR training, using the Xbox Kinect-based game system, on the motor recovery of patients with chronic hemiplegic stroke.


This was a randomized controlled trial. Twenty patients with hemiplegic stroke were randomly assigned to either the intervention group or the control group. Participants in the intervention group (n = 10) received 30 minutes of conventional physical therapy plus 30 minutes of VR training using Xbox Kinect-based games, and those in the control group (n = 10) received 30 minutes of conventional physical therapy only. All interventions consisted of daily sessions for a 6-week period. All measurements using Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA-LE), the Berg Balance Scale (BBS), the Timed Up and Go test (TUG), and the 10-meter Walk Test (10mWT) were performed at baseline and at the end of the 6 weeks.


The scores on the FMA-LE, BBS, TUG, and 10mWT improved significantly from baseline to post intervention in both the intervention and the control groups after training. The pre-to-post difference scores on BBS, TUG, and 10mWT for the intervention group were significantly more improved than those for the control group (P <.05).


Evidence from the present study supports the use of additional VR training with the Xbox Kinect gaming system as an effective therapeutic approach for improving motor function during stroke rehabilitation.


Motor activity; Stroke; Video game; Virtual reality

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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