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Prehosp Disaster Med. 2017 Oct;32(5):492-500. doi: 10.1017/S1049023X17006550. Epub 2017 Jun 13.

Basic Disaster Life Support (BDLS) Training Improves First Responder Confidence to Face Mass-Casualty Incidents in Thailand.

Author information

1
1University of Nevada School of Medicine,Las Vegas,NevadaUSA.
2
2Georgia Regents Health System,Augusta,GeorgiaUSA.
3
3Mae Fah Luang University School of Medicine,Chiang Rai,Thailand.
4
4Phramngkutklao Hospital and College of Medicine,Bangkok,Thailand.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Medical response to mass-casualty incidents (MCIs) requires specialized training and preparation. Basic Disaster Life Support (BDLS) is a course designed to prepare health care workers for a MCI. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the confidence of health care professionals in Thailand to face a MCI after participating in a BDLS course.

METHODS:

Basic Disaster Life Support was taught to health care professionals in Thailand in July 2008. Demographics and medical experience were recorded, and participants rated their confidence before and after the course using a five-point Likert scale in 11 pertinent MCI categories. Survey results were compiled and compared with P<.05 statistically significant.

RESULTS:

A total of 162 health care professionals completed the BDLS course and surveys, including 78 physicians, 70 nurses, and 14 other health care professionals. Combined confidence increased among all participants (2.1 to 3.8; +1.7; P<.001). Each occupation scored confidence increases in each measured area (P<.001). Nurses had significantly lower pre-course confidence but greater confidence increase, while physicians had higher pre-course confidence but lower confidence increase. Active duty military also had lower pre-course confidence with significantly greater confidence increases, while previous disaster courses or experience increased pre-course confidence but lower increase in confidence. Age and work experience did not influence confidence.

CONCLUSION:

Basic Disaster Life Support significantly improves confidence to respond to MCI situations, but nurses and active duty military benefit the most from the course. Future courses should focus on these groups to prepare for MCIs. Kuhls DA , Chestovich PJ , Coule P , Carrison DM , Chua CM , Wora-Urai N , Kanchanarin T . Basic Disaster Life Support (BDLS) training improves first responder confidence to face mass-casualty incidents in Thailand. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2017;32(5):492-500 .

KEYWORDS:

ATLS Advanced Trauma Life Support; BDLS Basic Disaster Life Support; EMS Emergency Medical Services; MCI Mass-Casualty Incident; NDLS National Disaster Life Support; BDLS; Thailand; disaster; training

PMID:
28606199
DOI:
10.1017/S1049023X17006550
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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