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Lipids Health Dis. 2017 Jun 12;16(1):113. doi: 10.1186/s12944-017-0504-8.

Effect of oral cinnamon intervention on metabolic profile and body composition of Asian Indians with metabolic syndrome: a randomized double -blind control trial.

Author information

1
Department of Foods and Nutrition, Institute of Home Economics, University of Delhi, New Delhi, India.
2
Fortis-C-DOC Centre of Excellence for Diabetes, Metabolic Diseases and Endocrinology, B-16, Chirag Enclave, New Delhi, -110048, India. anoopmisra@gmail.com.
3
Centre of Nutrition & Metabolic Research (C-NET), National Diabetes, Obesity and Cholesterol Foundation (N-DOC), SDA, New Delhi, India.
4
Diabetes Foundation (India), SDA, New Delhi, India.
5
Department of Biostatistics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Nutritional modulation remains central to the management of metabolic syndrome. Intervention with cinnamon in individuals with metabolic syndrome remains sparsely researched.

METHODS:

We investigated the effect of oral cinnamon consumption on body composition and metabolic parameters of Asian Indians with metabolic syndrome. In this 16-week double blind randomized control trial, 116 individuals with metabolic syndrome were randomized to two dietary intervention groups, cinnamon [6 capsules (3 g) daily] or wheat flour [6 capsules (2.5 g) daily]. Body composition, blood pressure and metabolic parameters were assessed.

RESULTS:

Significantly greater decrease [difference between means, (95% CI)] in fasting blood glucose (mmol/L) [0.3 (0.2, 0.5) p = 0.001], glycosylated haemoglobin (mmol/mol) [2.6 (0.4, 4.9) p = 0.023], waist circumference (cm) [4.8 (1.9, 7.7) p = 0.002] and body mass index (kg/m2 ) [1.3 (0.9, 1.5) p = 0.001] was observed in the cinnamon group compared to placebo group. Other parameters which showed significantly greater improvement were: waist-hip ratio, blood pressure, serum total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, serum triglycerides, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Prevalence of defined metabolic syndrome was significantly reduced in the intervention group (34.5%) vs. the placebo group (5.2%).

CONCLUSION:

A single supplement intervention with 3 g cinnamon for 16 weeks resulted in significant improvements in all components of metabolic syndrome in a sample of Asian Indians in north India.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

The clinical trial was retrospectively registered (after the recruitment of the participants) in ClinicalTrial.gov under the identification number: NCT02455778 on 25th May 2015.

KEYWORDS:

Blood pressure; Body composition; Cinnamon; Fasting blood glucose; Glycosylated haemoglobin; Metabolic syndrome

PMID:
28606084
PMCID:
PMC5469078
DOI:
10.1186/s12944-017-0504-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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