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J Agric Food Chem. 2017 Jul 5;65(26):5435-5441. doi: 10.1021/acs.jafc.7b01576. Epub 2017 Jun 24.

Analysis of Lysophospholipid Content in Low Phytate Rice Mutants.

Author information

1
Institute of Nuclear Agricultural Sciences, College of Agriculture and Biotechnology, Zhejiang University , Huajiachi Campus, Hangzhou, 310029, China.
2
Southern Cross Plant Science, Southern Cross University , Lismore, New South Wales 2480, Australia.
3
Institute of Crop Sciences, College of Agriculture and Biotechnology, Zhejiang University , Hangzhou, 310029, China.
4
Southern Cross Geoscience, Southern Cross University , Lismore, New South Wales 2480, Australia.

Abstract

As a fundamental component of nucleic acids, phospholipids, and adenosine triphosphate, phosphorus (P) is critical to all life forms, however, the molecular mechanism of P translocation and distribution in rice grains are still not understood. Here, with the use of five different low phytic acid (lpa) rice mutants, the redistribution in the main P-containing compounds in rice grain, phytic acid (PA), lysophospholipid (LPL), and inorganic P (Pi), was investigated. The lpa mutants showed a significant decrease in PA and phytate-phosphorus (PA-P) concentration with a concomitant increase in Pi concentration. Moreover, defects in the OsST and OsMIK genes result in a great reduction of specific LPL components and LPL-phosphorus (LPL-P) contents in rice grain. In contrast, defective OsMRP5 and Os2-PGK genes led to a significant increase in individual LPL components. The effect of the Os2-PGK gene on the LPL accumulation was validated using breeding lines derived from a cross between KBNT-lpa (Os2-PGK mutation) and Jiahe218. This study demonstrates that these rice lpa mutants lead to the redistribution of Pi in endosperm and modify LPL biosynthesis. Increase LPLs in the endosperm in the lpa mutants may have practical applications in rice breeding to produce "healthier" rice.

KEYWORDS:

lysophospholipids; phosphorus; phytic acid; rice

PMID:
28603982
DOI:
10.1021/acs.jafc.7b01576
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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