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Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2017 Sep;13(9):1555-1561. doi: 10.1016/j.soard.2017.04.018. Epub 2017 Apr 26.

Perioperative complications following bariatric surgery according to the clavien-dindo classification. Score validation, literature review and results in a single-centre series.

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Department of Surgery, University Hospital "Jose María Morales Meseguer," at Murcia, Murcia, Spain. Electronic address:
Department of Surgery, University Hospital "Jose María Morales Meseguer," at Murcia, Murcia, Spain.
Department of Anesthesia, University Hospital "Virgen de la Arrixaca" at Murcia, Murcia, Spain.



There is no unified system for reporting surgical complications after bariatric surgery. One increasingly used system for notifying postoperative complications is the Clavien-Dindo classification, which focuses on their therapeutic implications.


The aim of this study is to validate and apply the Clavien-Dindo scale to a series of cases of bariatric surgery and systematically review its use worldwide.


University hospital.


A cohort of 321 patients with morbid obesity (Mean BMI: 45.4±5.5 kg/m2) underwent surgery by the same team of surgeons, fundamentally using a laparoscopic gastric bypass. Initially, the Clavien-Dindo scale was translated and validated for its acceptability and reproducibility using the Kappa index. The scale was then applied to the whole of the bariatric series. A systematic review was also conducted in the literature regarding the use of the Clavien-Dindo classification after bariatric surgery. Lastly, a comparison was made with our results.


The classification was validated without any difficulty. Most of the postoperative complications are grades I (8.4%) and III (7.8%). We found it used in 15 series (including our own), which accounts for 10,347 patients. The overall results are analogous to our series.


The Clavien-Dindo scale has been validated and translated into Spanish. Application is quick and simple and enables comparisons to be made between centers and series. Our results are similar to those reported by other authors.


Bariatric surgery; Clavien-Dindo classification; Morbid obesity; Postoperative complications; Validation of severity scales

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