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Am J Health Behav. 2017 Jul 1;41(4):419-427. doi: 10.5993/AJHB.41.4.6.

Physical Activity and Quit Motivation Moderators of Adolescent Smoking Reduction.

Author information

1
Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV;, Email: mdblank@mail.wvu.edu.
2
Post-doctoral Research Fellow, The Institute for Applied Research in Youth Development, Tufts University, Medford, MA.
3
Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV.
4
Professor, Department of Psychology, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV.
5
Research Assistant Professor, WV Prevention Research Center, Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV.
6
Professor, WV Prevention Research Center, Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We examined participant characteristics as moderators of adolescents' smoking cessation outcomes as a function of intervention: Not-on-Tobacco (N-O-T), N-O-T with a physical activity (PA) module (N-O-T+FIT), or Brief Intervention (BI).

METHODS:

We randomly assigned youth (N = 232) recruited from public high schools to an intervention, and measured their baseline levels of PA and motivation to quit. The number of cigarettes/day for weekdays and weekends was obtained at baseline and 3-month follow-up.

RESULTS:

Across timepoints, cigarette use declined for youth in N-O-T (p = .007) and N-O-T+FIT (ps < .02), but not BI (n.s.). For N-O-T+FIT youth, the steepest declines in weekday smoking occurred for those with high PA levels (p = .02). Weekend cigarette use decreased for N-O-T+FIT youth with moderate-high levels of intrinsic motivation to quit (ps < .04).

CONCLUSIONS:

Adolescents may benefit from interventions designed to address the barriers faced during a quit attempt, including their motivation to make a change and their engagement in other healthy behaviors such as physical activity.

PMID:
28601101
PMCID:
PMC5546298
DOI:
10.5993/AJHB.41.4.6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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