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Cell Immunol. 1985 May;92(2):414-26.

In vivo effects of GK1.5 (anti-L3T4a) monoclonal antibody on induction and expression of delayed-type hypersensitivity.


The in vivo effects of monoclonal GK1.5 antibody, directed against the L3T4a determinant expressed on Class II-restricted T cells, on the induction and expression of murine delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) responses were examined. Development and expression of both hapten (2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene and 2,4,6-trinitrochlorobenzene)- and protein antigen poly(Glu60Ala30Tyr10)-specific DTH are significantly inhibited by injection of monoclonal anti-L3T4a antibody. The inhibitory effects of anti-L3T4a were most pronounced when administered during the afferent (induction) phase of the DTH response, leading to the functional inhibition of the generation of both polyclonal lymph node T-proliferative cells (Tprlf) and DTH effector cells (TDH). The in vivo inhibitory effect is apparently unrelated to preferential induction of suppressor T cells as GK1.5 inhibited DTH induction in cyclophosphamide-treated as well as normal recipients. L3T4a expression on the various T-cell subsets involved in DTH induction and elicitation was also examined. The data show that three functionally distinct, antigen-specific T-cell subsets, Tprlf, TDH, and Th cells involved in DTH induction, bear the Lyt 1+2-, L3T4+ phenotype. Possible mechanisms where in vivo injection of anti-L3T4a inhibits Class II-restricted T-cell subsets involved in DTH induction and expression, including immune depletion and inhibition of T-cell-receptor/ligand interactions, are discussed.

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