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J Environ Manage. 2017 Sep 15;200:347-358. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.05.092. Epub 2017 Jun 6.

Adaptation to climate change in agriculture in Bangladesh: The role of formal institutions.

Author information

1
Geography, Environment and Population, School of Social Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia 5005, Australia. Electronic address: mtitutul@gmail.com.
2
Geography, Environment and Population, School of Social Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia 5005, Australia. Electronic address: melissa.nursey-bray@adelaide.edu.au.

Abstract

Bangladesh is very vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, and adaptation is emerging as a key policy response. Place based programs that build adaptive capacity are needed. This paper explores the effectiveness of formal institutions in climate change adaptation for agriculture from the perspectives of farmers and institutional communities of practice within two drought-prone areas in Bangladesh. Our findings show that formal institutions via their communities of practice play an important role in building place based capacity for mitigation and adaptation strategies in agriculture. Over-emphasis on technology, lack of acknowledgement of cultural factors and a failure of institutional communities of practice to mediate and create linkages with informal institutional communities of practice remain barriers. We argue that in order for formal institutions to play an ongoing and crucial role in building adaptive agriculture in Bangladesh, they must incorporate cultural mechanisms and build partnerships with more community based informal institutions.

KEYWORDS:

Adaptation; Agriculture; Bangladesh; Climate change; Formal institution

PMID:
28599218
DOI:
10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.05.092
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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