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Inorg Chem. 2017 Jul 3;56(13):7545-7549. doi: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.7b01073. Epub 2017 Jun 9.

Ground-State Crystal Structure of Strontium Peroxide Predicted from First Principles.

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Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Hong Kong , Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong SAR.


It has been widely believed that SrO2, a typical alkaline earth metal peroxide, should adopt the tetrahedral CaC2-type structure (space group I4/mmm) at ambient pressure. Here we report a monoclinic structure (space group C2c), as predicted from first-principles swarm structure searching simulations, is energetically more favorable than the CaC2-type structure at ambient pressure and low temperature, while the I4/mmm structure is only stable at high pressure (>20 GPa) or elevated temperature conditions. A key difference between these structures is the distinct orientation of peroxide ions. Especially, frozen-phonon calculations indicate that the C2c structure can be derived by a softening mode phonon from I4/mmm structure. Furthermore, a high-pressure phase of SrO2 with P21/c symmetries containing two layers of peroxide ions with different orientations is uncovered at pressures higher than 36 GPa. Our electronic band calculations indicate that all the stable structures of SrO2 are wide band gap semiconductors. Our results represent a step forward toward a more complete understanding of the structures and properties of alkaline earth metal peroxides.

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