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Orthopedics. 2017 Nov 1;40(6):355-366. doi: 10.3928/01477447-20170606-01. Epub 2017 Jun 9.

Modularity in Total Hip Arthroplasty: Benefits, Risks, Mechanisms, Diagnosis, and Management.

Abstract

Modular implants are currently widely used in total hip arthroplasty because they give surgeons versatility during the operation, allow for easier revision surgery, and can be adjusted to better fit the anatomy of the specific patient. However, modular implants, specifically those that have metal-on-metal junctions, are susceptible to crevice and fretting corrosion. This can ultimately cause implant failure, inflammation, and adverse local tissue reaction, among other possible side effects. Surgeons should be aware of the possibility of implant corrosion and should follow a set of recommended guidelines to systematically diagnose and treat patients with corroded implants. Ultimately, surgeons will continue to use modular implants because of their widespread benefits. However, more research is needed to determine how to minimize corrosion and the negative side effects that have been associated with modular junctions in total hip arthroplasty. [Orthopedics. 2017; 40(6):355-366.].

PMID:
28598491
DOI:
10.3928/01477447-20170606-01
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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