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Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2017 Jun 21;19(24):16087-16094. doi: 10.1039/c7cp03242k.

Anisotropic longitudinal electronic relaxation affects DNP at cryogenic temperatures.

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Département de Chimie, Ecole Normale Supérieure, PSL Research University, UPMC Univ Paris 06, CNRS, Laboratoire des Biomolécules (LBM), 24 rue Lhomond, 75005 Paris, France.


We report the observation of anisotropic longitudinal electronic relaxation in nitroxide radicals under typical dynamic nuclear polarization conditions. This anisotropy affects the efficiency of dynamic nuclear polarization at cryogenic temperatures of 4 K and high magnetic fields of 6.7 T. Under our experimental conditions, the electron paramagnetic resonance spectrum of nitroxides such as TEMPOL (4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin-1-oxyl) is only partly averaged by electronic spectral diffusion, so that the relaxation times T1e(ω) vary across the spectrum. We demonstrate how the anisotropy of T1e(ω) can be taken into account in simple DNP models.


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