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Acta Cardiol. 2017 Apr;72(2):149-155. doi: 10.1080/00015385.2017.1291133. Epub 2017 Feb 28.

The impact of non-dipper circadian rhythm of blood pressure on left ventricular hypertrophy in patients with non-dialysis chronic kidney disease.

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1
a Department of Nephrology , Ren Ji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University , Shanghai , China.

Abstract

Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between non-dipper circadian rhythm of blood pressure (BP) and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Methods and results All 257 patients with stage 1 to 5 CKD were enrolled in the study and classified into a CKD1-3 group and a CKD4-5 group according to renal function. The parameters and circadian rhythm of BP were measured by a GE Marquette Tonoport V Eng dynamic sphygmomanometer, and cardiac structure was examined by echocardiography. The incidence of abnormal circadian BP rhythm (non-dipper rhythm) was quite high (75.4% in all enrolled patients and 71.3% in the patients with normal BP levels) in CKD patients and increased with the deterioration of renal function. Changes of cardiac structure such as LVH in patients with non-dipper BP were more distinct than in patients with dipper BP. The development of left ventricular mass index (LVMI) correlated positively with the incidence of non-dipper BP rhythm. Multiple regression analysis showed that 24-h systolic BP (β = 0.417, P < 0.01), triglycerides (TG) (β = -0.132, P = 0.007), Hb (β = -0.394, P = 0.016) and gender (β = 0.158, P = 0.039) were independent risk factors of LVMI. Conclusions The incidence of non-dipper circadian rhythm of blood pressure was quite high in CKD patients and increased with the deterioration of renal function. Non-dipper circadian rhythm of BP is closely related with LVMI.

KEYWORDS:

24-h ambulatory blood pressure; Non-dipper rhythm; cardiovascular disease; chronic kidney disease; left ventricular hypertrophy

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