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Neurosurgery. 2018 May 1;82(5):710-718. doi: 10.1093/neuros/nyx310.

The Use of Single Stent-Assisted Coiling in Treatment of Bifurcation Aneurysms: A Multicenter Cohort Study With Proposal of a Scoring System to Predict Complete Occlusion.

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Neurosurgical Service, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.
Department of Neurosurgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama.
Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, Brazil.



The development of stent-assisted coiling has allowed for the endovascular treatment of wide-necked bifurcation aneurysms. A variety of options exist, and little is known about the optimal stent configuration in this setting. We report a large multicenter experience of stent-assisted coiling of bifurcations aneurysms using a single stent, with attention to factors predisposing to aneurysm recanalization.


To assess the safety and efficacy of single stent-assisted coiling, in addition to analyzing the factors associated with recanalization, and proposal of a predictive scoring scale.


A multicenter retrospective analysis of bifurcation aneurysms treated with a single stent-assisted coiling technique between 2007 and 2015 was performed. Clinical and radiographic data were collected and used to develop a scoring system to predict aneurysm occlusion.


A total of 74 bifurcation aneurysms were treated with single stent-assisted coiling. At a median follow-up of 15.2 mo, complete occlusion or remnant neck was achieved in 90.6% of aneurysms. Aneurysm location, maximal diameter, neck size, and alpha angle were predictive of aneurysm occlusion at last follow-up. A scoring system to predict complete occlusion based on these factors was developed. An increasing score correlated with a higher rate of complete occlusion.


The treatment of bifurcation aneurysm using single stent technique for stent-assisted coiling is safe and effective. Complete occlusion or remnant neck occlusion was achieved in 90.6% of cases. Class III aneurysms can be effectively treated using a single stent, while class I may require Y-stent technique.


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