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Endocrinology. 2017 Aug 1;158(8):2453-2469. doi: 10.1210/en.2017-00195.

Elucidating the Biological Roles of Insulin and Its Receptor in Murine Intestinal Growth and Function.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A8, Canada.
2
Metabolic Disease Research, Novo Nordisk A/S, DK-2760 Måløv, Denmark.
3
Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A8, Canada.

Abstract

The role of the intestinal insulin receptor (IR) is not well understood. We therefore explored the effect of insulin (300 nmol/kg per day for 12 days) on the intestine in sex-matched C57Bl/6J mice. The intestinal and metabolic profiles were also characterized in male and female intestinal-epithelial IR knockout (IE-irKO) mice compared with all genetic controls on a chow diet or Western diet (WD) for 4 to 12 weeks. Insulin treatment did not affect intestinal size, intestinal resistance, or metabolic genes, but it reduced proximal-colon crypt depth and acutely increased colonic serine/threonine-specific protein kinase B (AKT) activation. Feeding with a WD increased body weight and fasting insulin level and decreased oral glucose tolerance in C57Bl/6J and IE-irKO mice. However, although the overall responses of the IE-irKO mice were not different from those of Villin-Cre (Vil-Cre):IRfl/+ and IRfl/fl controls, profound differences were found for female control Vil-Cre mice, which demonstrated reduced food intake, body weight, jejunal glucose transport, oral glucose tolerance, and fasting insulin and cholesterol levels. Vil-Cre mice also had smaller intestines compared with those of IE-irKO and IRfl/fl mice and greater insulin-mediated activation of jejunal IR and AKT. In summary, gain- and loss-of-function studies, with and without caloric overload, indicate that insulin did not exert remarkable effects on intestinal metabolic or morphologic phenotype except for a small effect on the colon. However, the transgenic control Vil-Cre mice displayed a distinct phenotype compared with other control and knockout animals, emphasizing the importance of thoroughly characterizing genetically modified mouse models.

PMID:
28591779
DOI:
10.1210/en.2017-00195
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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