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Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc. 2017 Jul-Aug;55(4):456-463.

[Optimism, family cohesion and treatment as predictors of quality of life in blood cancer diseases].

[Article in Spanish; Abstract available in Spanish from the publisher]

Author information

1
Unidad de Investigación en Epidemiología Clínica, Centro Médico Nacional Siglo XXI, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Ciudad de México, México. lavielle.pilar@gmail.com.

Abstract

in English, Spanish

BACKGROUND:

Quality of life must be a part of the goals of care given to blood cancer patients and it must be used to assess the effectiveness of their treatment. The objective was to evaluate the quality of life of patients with leukemia and its relationship with psychological, familial and disease-related aspects.

METHODS:

An analytic cross-sectional study was carried out in patients with acute leukemia at different stages of treatment. We used SF-36, Optimism and Family Cohesion scales.

RESULTS:

Quality of life was affected physically and mentally in the treatment phases aimed to mitigate the active, and the advanced stage of this disease (50.6 ± 25.6, 62 ± 14.3; 46 ± 23.2, 53.8 ± 23.4, respectively), regardless of gender, age, level of optimism and family cohesion. Patients could carry out basic functions of self-care (bathing, feeding, etcetera), but not activities of daily living (shopping, household chores, etcetera), which require a greater effort. Although the patients perceived having been affected in the emotional health area-by the presence of anxiety and depression-they did not consider that these alterations limited their ability to carry out work and everyday activities.

CONCLUSIONS:

Quality of life was most affected at mental dimension and physical dimension, mainly in patients at induction and palliative treatment. The results showed that the objectives of care aimed to reduce symptoms and maintain patient comfort are not achieved.

KEYWORDS:

Family; Leukemia; Optimism; Quality of life

PMID:
28591500
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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