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Life Sci. 1985 May 6;36(18):1771-7.

Effect of dietary vitamin E and Santoquin on regenerating rat liver.


The influence of dietary vitamin E and Santoquin on lipid peroxidation and liver regeneration in partially-hepatectomized rats was studied. Rats were fed either a basal 10% tocopherol-stripped corn oil diet, the basal diet plus 40 mg dl-alpha-tocopheryl acetate/kg, or the basal diet plus 2 g Santoquin (6-ethoxy-1,2-dihydro-2,2,4-trimethylquinoline)/kg. After 6 weeks, rats fed the antioxidant-deficient diet produced more of the lipid peroxidation product, pentane, than did the rats fed antioxidants. Partial hepatectomy was performed after six and one-half weeks or ten weeks of feeding the diets. At 3 and 6 days after surgery, pentane production was significantly elevated over pre-surgery levels in rats fed the antioxidant-deficient or vitamin E-supplemented diets, but not in rats fed the Santoquin-supplemented diet. Six days after surgery, there were fewer thiobarbituric acid reactants in regenerating liver of Santoquin-fed rats than of vitamin-E fed rats or antioxidant-deficient rats. There was no increase in the 6-day level of thiobarbituric acid reactants over the 3-day level in livers of rats fed Santoquin, while there was an increase in livers of the antioxidant-deficient and vitamin E-supplemented rats. Liver sulfhydryl levels were higher at 3 and 6 days post surgery in the Santoquin-fed rats than in the antioxidant-deficient or vitamin E-supplemented rats. Plasma gamma-glutamyl-transpeptidase activity was not different among the groups of rats. Between the third and sixth day following surgery, liver regeneration was significantly stimulated in Santoquin-fed, but not vitamin E-fed rats. After 11 days, a stimulatory, but not statistically significant, effect of vitamin E was found. Although DNA content of liver was higher at 6 days than at 3 days post surgery, it was not different among the dietary groups, indicating that cell proliferation rather than hypertrophy had occurred. Partial hepatectomy could have altered the ability of the liver to metabolize pentane, thus explaining part of the increased production of pentane. However, the results obtained support the interpretation that elevated levels of dietary antioxidants can be beneficial in terms of reduced lipid peroxidation and increased rates of liver regeneration following liver surgery.

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