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J Food Sci. 2017 Jul;82(7):1523-1534. doi: 10.1111/1750-3841.13754. Epub 2017 Jun 6.

Satisfying America's Fruit Gap: Summary of an Expert Roundtable on the Role of 100% Fruit Juice.

Author information

1
Dept. of Nutritional Sciences, Rutgers Univ., 65 Dudley Rd., New Brunswick, N.J., 08901, U.S.A.
2
Dept. Food, Bioprocessing and Nutrition, North Carolina State Univ., 600 Laureate Way, Kannapolis, N.C., 28081, U.S.A.
3
Nutrition Impact, LLC, 9725 D Drive North, Battle Creek, Mich., 49014, U.S.A.
4
Dept. of Human Sciences, The Ohio State Univ., 1945 North High Street, Columbus, Ohio, 43210, U.S.A.
5
Produce for Better Health Foundation, 7465 Lancaster Pike, Suite J (2nd Floor), Hockessin, Del., 19707, U.S.A.
6
Dept. of Nutrition and Food Studies, George Mason Univ., 10340 Democracy Lane, Suite 306, Fairfax, Va., 22030, U.S.A.
7
Think Healthy Group, LLC, 127 U Street NW, Wash., DC, 20001, U.S.A.

Abstract

The 2015 to 2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGAs) recognize the role of 100% fruit juice in health and in helping people meet daily fruit recommendations and state that 100% fruit juice is a nutrient-dense beverage that should be a primary choice, along with water and low-fat/fat-free milk. The DGAs note that children are consuming 100% fruit juice within recommendations (that is, 120 to 180 mL/d for children aged 1 to 6 y and 236 to 355 mL/d for children aged 7 to 18 y). Evidence shows that compared to nonconsumers, those who consume 100% fruit juice come closer to meeting daily fruit needs and have better diet quality. In children, 100% fruit juice is associated with increased intakes of nutrients such as vitamin C, folate, and potassium. When consumed within the DGA recommendations, 100% fruit juice is not associated with overweight/obesity or childhood dental caries and does not compromise fiber intake. Preliminary data suggest that polyphenols in some 100% fruit juices may inhibit absorption of naturally occurring sugars. Given its role in promoting health and in helping people meet fruit needs, experts participating in a roundtable discussion agreed that there is no science-based reason to restrict access to 100% fruit juice in public health nutrition policy and programs such as the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). Reducing or eliminating 100% fruit juice could lead to unintended consequences such as reduced daily fruit intake and increased consumption of less nutritious beverages (for example, sugar-sweetened beverages).

KEYWORDS:

100% fruit juice; diet quality; dietary guidelines; nutrient intake; nutrition policy

PMID:
28585690
DOI:
10.1111/1750-3841.13754
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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