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Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2017 Jul;24(20):17090-17102. doi: 10.1007/s11356-017-9057-7. Epub 2017 Jun 5.

Characteristics, source, and potential ecological risk assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the Songhua River Basin, Northeast China.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory of Environmental Geochemistry, Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guiyang, 550081, China.
2
State Key Laboratory of Environmental Geochemistry, Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guiyang, 550081, China. liucongqiang@vip.skleg.cn.
3
Center for Environmental Remediation, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 11A Datun Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100101, China. liucongqiang@vip.skleg.cn.
4
Center for Environmental Remediation, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 11A Datun Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100101, China. guoqj@igsnrr.ac.cn.
5
College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China. guoqj@igsnrr.ac.cn.
6
Center for Environmental Remediation, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 11A Datun Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100101, China.
7
Department of Chemistry, Federal University Ndufu-Alike Ikwo, Ndufu-Alike Ikwo, Ebonyi State, Nigeria.
8
Institute of Surface-Earth System Science, Tianjin University, Tianjin, 300072, China.
9
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100039, China.

Abstract

The concentration characteristics, sources, and potential ecological risk assessment of 16 PAHs were investigated in the surface water from the Songhua River Basin, Northeast China. A total of 48 river water samples, including 16 from the main streams and 32 from the tributaries, were collected. Samples were separated into dissolved phases and suspended particle matter (SPM) via filtration with 0.47 μm glass fiber filters. Each phase was analyzed for PAHs. The total PAH concentration in the dissolved phase in the water ranged from 32.5 to 108 ng L-1 and from 0.3 to 62.3 μg g-1 (dry weight) in the suspended particle matter (SPM). The total PAH concentration in the main stream was lower than in the tributaries; the volume of annual runoff of rivers had a significant effect on the ƩPAH in the rivers. The 2- and 3-ring PAHs dominated in both the dissolved phase and SPM, indicating a relatively recent local source of PAHs in the study area. The concentrations of PAHs in the Songhua River Basin are lower when compared with the values previously reported in the literature from other rivers around the world. The sources of PAHs were assessed by diagnostic ratios and principal component analysis (PCA), and the ecological risk of the PAHs was assessed based on the risk quotient (RQ). The diagnostic ratios and PCA indicated that the main sources of PAHs originated from pyrogenic and petrogenic sources, and pyrogenic sources had a greater impact. The ecological risk assessment indicated that the PAHs presented low ecosystem risk in the Songhua River Basin.

KEYWORDS:

Diagnostic ratio; PAHs; Principal component analysis; RQ; Songhua River Basin

PMID:
28585008
DOI:
10.1007/s11356-017-9057-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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