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Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 2017 Jul 14;30(5):751-761. doi: 10.13075/ijomeh.1896.00906. Epub 2017 May 29.

Screening commercial drivers for obstructive sleep apnea: Validation of STOP-Bang questionnaire.

Author information

1
University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia (Faculty of Medicine). popevic.martin@gmail.com.
2
University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia (Faculty of Medicine). andjela.milovanovic@ymail.com.
3
University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia (Faculty of Medicine). ljudmila.nagorni@kcs.ac.rs.
4
University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia (Faculty of Medicine). drdejannesic@yahoo.com.
5
University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia (Faculty of Medicine). milalex63@yahoo.com.
6
University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia (Faculty of Medicine). milalex@eunet.rs.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The main aim has been to examine psychometric properties of STOP-Bang (snoring, tiredness, observed apnea, high blood pressure, body mass index (BMI), age, neck circumference, male gender) scoring model (Serbian translation), an obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) screening tool, in a sample of commercial drivers.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

After formal translation, validation was performed on a sample of bus and truck drivers evaluating test-retest reliability, construct and criterion validity. Overnight polysomnography or cardiorespiratory polygraphy were used for OSA diagnosis purposes.

RESULTS:

One hundred male participants, 24-62 years old, were included. STOP-Bang classified 69% as potential OSA patients. Polysomnography identified OSA in 57% of the sample. Test-retest reliability (Cohen's κ = 0.89) was adequate. STOP-Bang score was significantly correlated to apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) and OSA severity. Sensitivity was 100% for AHI ≥ 15, highest specificity was 53.5% (AHI ≥ 5).

CONCLUSIONS:

STOP-Bang showed good measurement properties, supporting its further use in OSA screening of commercial drivers. Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2016;30(5):751-761.

KEYWORDS:

commercial drivers; obstructive; polysomnography; questionnaires; sleep apnea; validation studies

PMID:
28584309
DOI:
10.13075/ijomeh.1896.00906
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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