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J Vasc Surg. 2017 Nov;66(5):1340-1348.e5. doi: 10.1016/j.jvs.2017.03.432. Epub 2017 Jun 2.

Thoracic endovascular aortic repair with branched Inoue Stent Graft for arch aortic aneurysms.

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Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan. Electronic address:
PTMC Institute, Kyoto, Japan.
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Otsu Red Cross Hospital, Otsu, Japan.
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Hyogo Prefectural Amagasaki General Medical Center, Amagasaki, Japan.
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.



Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAAs) is in rapid expansion due to its minimal invasiveness. However, TEVAR for an arch aneurysm with a straight stent graft needs surgical reconstruction for supra-aortic vessels. A branched stent graft pioneered by Inoue (branched Inoue Stent Graft [ISG]) has been expected to resolve this problem, but its utility remains to be established in the real clinical setting. This study evaluated the long-term clinical outcome of branched ISGs for TAAs.


Among 217 consecutive patients who underwent TEVAR with ISGs between March 2003 and September 2013, 89 patients with TAAs were treated with implantation of the branched ISG (single branch: n = 64; double branch: n = 18; triple branch: n = 7). The primary end point was freedom from aneurysm-related death. Secondary end points included periprocedural adverse events, freedom from all-cause death and major adverse events (composite of aneurysm-related death, surgical conversion, aneurysm rapture, persistent type I or III endoleak, graft infection, graft occlusion, graft migration, and aneurysm expansion), changes of aneurysm diameter, stroke, and any endovascular reintervention during follow-up.


All deployments of branched ISGs were successful. The 30-day mortality was 4.5% (single branch, 3.1%; double branch, 0%; triple branch, 29%), and periprocedural stroke was 16% (single branch, 7.8%; double branch, 33%; triple branch, 42%). At 1 and 5 years, freedom from aneurysm-related death was 93% and 93%, respectively, and freedom from all-cause death was 85% and 59%, respectively. Survival free of major adverse events was 76% at 5 years. The cumulative incidence of stroke was 11% at 5 years. Three patients underwent surgical conversion because of persistent type I endoleak. One branch graft occlusion was observed at the left subclavian artery in a patient who received a double-branched graft.


Periprocedural outcome of the single-branched ISG was acceptable, and long-term safety and efficacy were demonstrated. However, the procedural complications of the multibranched ISG leave room for improvement.

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