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J Pediatr Nurs. 2018 Jan - Feb;38:e30-e34. doi: 10.1016/j.pedn.2017.05.009. Epub 2017 Jun 2.

Bullying in School-aged Children in Iceland: A Cross-sectional Study.

Author information

1
Department of Health Sciences, Kristianstad University, Kristianstad, Sweden; Department of Health Sciences, Clinical Health Promotion Centre, Lund University, Lund, Sweden. Electronic address: pernilla.garmy@hkr.se.
2
Faculty of Nursing, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

We describe the frequency and variations in bullying among a representative national sample of school-age children and examine whether sociodemographic characteristics are associated with bullying.

DESIGN AND METHODS:

This study is based on a cross-sectional school-based survey-the Icelandic contribution to the international research network Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC). The study population included all students in Iceland in grades 6, 8 and 10 (mean ages: 11, 13 and 15years, respectively) (participation rate: 84%; n=11,018). The students completed an anonymous standardized questionnaire administered in the classroom.

RESULTS:

The self-reported frequency of being victimized by bullying at least 2-3 times every month was 5.5%. A younger age, speaking a foreign language at home, not living with one's parents, and living in a rural area, were all associated with higher frequencies of being bullied.

CONCLUSIONS:

Despite efforts to reduce bullying in school, experiences of being victimized through bullying are still too common among Icelandic school-age children. Stakeholders and school health administrators should consider sociodemographic antecedents when planning interventions to reduce bullying at school.

KEYWORDS:

Bullying; Cross-sectional study; School-aged children

PMID:
28583432
DOI:
10.1016/j.pedn.2017.05.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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