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Carcinogenesis. 2017 Oct 1;38(10):986-993. doi: 10.1093/carcin/bgx056.

Genome-scale identification of microRNA-related SNPs associated with risk of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.

Author information

1
Department of Epidemiology.
2
Department of Biomedical Data Science, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Lebanon, NH 03756, USA.
3
Department of Epidemiology, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA.
4
Department of Head and Neck Surgery.
5
Department of Epidemiology, The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, TX 77030, USA.
6
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA.
7
Department of Molecular and Systems Biology.
8
Department of Community and Family Medicine, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Lebanon, NH 03756, USA.

Abstract

Polymorphisms in microRNAs and their target sites can disrupt microRNA-dependent gene regulation, and have been associated with cancer susceptibility. However, genome-scale analyses of microRNA-related genetic variation in cancer are lacking. We tested the associations of ~40 000 common [minor allele frequency (MAF) ≥5%], microRNA-related single nucleotide polymorphisms (miR-SNPs), with risk of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) in a discovery population, and validated selected loci in an independent population among a total of 2198 cases and 2180 controls. Joint analyses across the discovery and validation populations revealed six novel miR-SNP associations with risk of HNSCC. An upstream variant of MIR548H4 (rs7834169), replicated its association with overall HNSCC risk as well as risk of oral cavity cancer. Four other variants were specifically associated with oral cavity cancer risk (rs16914640, rs1134367, rs7306991 and rs1373756). 3'UTR variant of HADH, rs221347 and rs4975616, located within known cancer risk locus 5p15.33, were specific to risk of laryngeal cancer. High confidence predicted microRNA binding sites were identified for CLEC2D, LOC37443, KDM8 and HADH overlapping rs16914640, rs7306991, rs1134367 and rs221347, respectively. Furthermore, we identified several microRNA interactions with KDM8 and HADH predicted to be disrupted by genetic variation at rs1134367 and rs221347. These results suggest microRNA-related genetic variation may contribute to the genetic susceptibility of HNSCC, and that more powerful evaluation of this class of genetic variation and their relationship with cancer risk is warranted.

PMID:
28582492
PMCID:
PMC5862295
DOI:
10.1093/carcin/bgx056
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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