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Psychiatr Pol. 2017 Apr 30;51(2):349-358. doi: 10.12740/PP/OnlineFirst/61352. Epub 2017 Apr 30.

Visual impairment and traits of autism in children.

[Article in English, Polish]

Author information

1
Zakład Rehabilitacji Psychospołecznej UM w Łodzi.
2
Wydział Etnologii i Nauk o Edukacji Uniwersytetu Śląskiego w Katowicach.
3
Zakład Kognitywistyki, Instytut Psychologii, Wydział Nauk o Wychowaniu Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego.
4
Wyższa Szkoła Informatyki i Umiejętności w Łodzi.

Abstract

Visual impairment present from birth or from an early childhood may lead to psychosocial and emotional disorders. 11-40% of children in the group with visual impairment show traits of autism. The aim of this paper was to present the selected examples of how visual impairment in children is related to the occurrence of autism and to describe the available tools for diagnosing autism in children with visual impairment. So far the relation between visual impairment in children and autism has not been sufficiently confirmed. Psychiatric and psychological diagnosis of children with visual impairment has some difficulties in differentiating between "blindism" and traits typical for autism resulting from a lack of standardized diagnostic tools used to diagnosing children with visual impairment. Another difficulty in diagnosing autism in children with visual impairment is the coexistence of other disabilities in case of most children with vision impairment. Additionally, apart from difficulties in diagnosing autistic disorders in children with eye dysfunctions there is also a question of what tools should be used in therapy and rehabilitation of patients.

KEYWORDS:

autism in children; visual impairment

PMID:
28581542
DOI:
10.12740/PP/OnlineFirst/61352
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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