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Carbohydr Polym. 2017 Sep 1;171:163-172. doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2017.04.096. Epub 2017 May 2.

Characterization of a novel natural cellulosic fiber from Juncus effusus L.

Author information

1
Laboratoire de Mécanique Appliquée des Nouveaux Matériaux (LMANM), Université 08 Mai 1945, B.P. 401, Guelma 24000, Algeria.
2
Laboratoire de Mécanique Appliquée des Nouveaux Matériaux (LMANM), Université 08 Mai 1945, B.P. 401, Guelma 24000, Algeria; Département de Génie Mécanique, Université de M'sila, BP 166, Algeria.
3
Advanced Composites Centre for Innovation and Science (ACCIS) University of Bristol, BS8 1TR Bristol, UK.
4
Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, Grenoble INP, LGP2, F-38000, France. Electronic address: alain.dufresne@pagora.grenoble-inp.fr.

Abstract

This study aims to assess the morphology and properties of fibers extracted from a wild natural plant largely available in Algeria known as Juncus effusus L. (JE). The morphology and diameter of the fiber bundles extracted from the stem of the JE plant were characterized by optical and scanning electron microscopy. The functional groups of the extracted lignocellulosic JE fibers were studied by FTIR, their thermal degradation behavior was investigated by TGA and their crystallinity was determined using X-ray diffraction technique. In addition, mechanical characterization was carried out using tensile tests on the lignocellulosic fiber in order to evaluate their strength, strain at break and Young's modulus. In view of the dispersion in the obtained experimental results, the latter were analyzed using the Weibull statistical laws with two and three parameters.

KEYWORDS:

FTIR; Juncus effusus L.; Lignocellulosic fibers; Tensile behavior; X-ray diffraction

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