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BMC Nephrol. 2017 Jun 2;18(1):185. doi: 10.1186/s12882-017-0595-5.

Target weight achievement and ultrafiltration rate thresholds: potential patient implications.

Author information

1
Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina Kidney Center, UNC School of Medicine, 7024 Burnett-Womack CB #7155, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599-7155, USA. jflythe@med.unc.edu.
2
Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. jflythe@med.unc.edu.
3
Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina Kidney Center, UNC School of Medicine, 7024 Burnett-Womack CB #7155, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599-7155, USA.
4
Department of Epidemiology, UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.
5
Division of Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy, UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Higher ultrafiltration (UF) rates and extracellular hypo- and hypervolemia are associated with adverse outcomes among maintenance hemodialysis patients. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services recently considered UF rate and target weight achievement measures for ESRD Quality Incentive Program inclusion. The dual measures were intended to promote balance between too aggressive and too conservative fluid removal. The National Quality Forum endorsed the UF rate measure but not the target weight measure. We examined the proposed target weight measure and quantified weight gains if UF rate thresholds were applied without treatment time (TT) extension or interdialytic weight gain (IDWG) reduction.

METHODS:

Data were taken from the 2012 database of a large dialysis organization. Analyses considered 152,196 United States hemodialysis patients. We described monthly patient and dialysis facility target weight achievement patterns and examined differences in patient characteristics across target weight achievement status and differences in facilities across target weight measure scores. We computed the cumulative, theoretical 1-month fluid-related weight gain that would occur if UF rates were capped at 13 mL/h/kg without concurrent TT extension or IDWG reduction.

RESULTS:

Target weight achievement patterns were stable over the year. Patients who did not achieve target weight (post-dialysis weight ≥ 1 kg above or below target weight) tended to be younger, black and dialyze via catheter, and had shorter dialysis vintage, greater body weight, higher UF rate and more missed treatments compared with patients who achieved target weight. Facilities had, on average, 27.1 ± 9.7% of patients with average post-dialysis weight ≥ 1 kg above or below the prescribed target weight. In adjusted analyses, facilities located in the midwest and south and facilities with higher proportions of black and Hispanic patients and higher proportions of patients with shorter TTs were more likely to have unfavorable facility target weight measure scores. Without TT extension or IDWG reduction, UF rate threshold (13 mL/h/kg) implementation led to an average theoretical 1-month, fluid-related weight gain of 1.4 ± 3.0 kg.

CONCLUSIONS:

Target weight achievement patterns vary across clinical subgroups. Implementation of a maximum UF rate threshold without adequate attention to extracellular volume status may lead to fluid-related weight gain.

KEYWORDS:

Hemodialysis; Quality Incentive program; Target weight; Ultrafiltration rate; Volume overload

PMID:
28578687
PMCID:
PMC5457585
DOI:
10.1186/s12882-017-0595-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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