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Cogn Neuropsychiatry. 2017 Sep;22(5):361-372. doi: 10.1080/13546805.2017.1331160. Epub 2017 Jun 3.

Temporal processing deficit leads to impaired multisensory binding in schizophrenia.

Author information

1
a Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, Medical School , RWTH Aachen University , Aachen , Germany.
2
b IZKF Aachen , RWTH Aachen University , Aachen , Germany.
3
c JARA-Translational Brain Medicine , Aachen , Germany.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Schizophrenia has been characterised by neurodevelopmental dysconnectivity resulting in cognitive and perceptual dysmetria. Hence patients with schizophrenia may be impaired to detect the temporal relationship between stimuli in different sensory modalities. However, only a few studies described deficit in perception of temporally asynchronous multisensory stimuli in schizophrenia.

METHODS:

We examined the perceptual bias and the processing time of synchronous and delayed sounds in the streaming-bouncing illusion in 16 patients with schizophrenia and a matched control group of 18 participants.

RESULTS:

Equal for patients and controls, the synchronous sound biased the percept of two moving squares towards bouncing as opposed to the more frequent streaming percept in the condition without sound. In healthy controls, a delay of the sound presentation significantly reduced the bias and led to prolonged processing time whereas patients with schizophrenia did not differentiate between this condition and the condition with synchronous sound.

CONCLUSION:

Schizophrenia leads to a prolonged window of simultaneity for audiovisual stimuli. Therefore, temporal processing deficit in schizophrenia can lead to hyperintegration of temporally unmatched multisensory stimuli.

KEYWORDS:

Schizophrenia; dysconnectivity; multisensory integration; streaming–bouncing illusion; temporal processing

PMID:
28578638
DOI:
10.1080/13546805.2017.1331160
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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