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Value Health. 2017 Jun;20(6):777-784. doi: 10.1016/j.jval.2016.04.012. Epub 2016 Jun 9.

Mind the Gap: Hospitalizations from Multiple Sources in a Longitudinal Study.

Author information

1
Department of Health Policy and Management, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA; The Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. Electronic address: ssavitz@unc.edu.
2
Department of Health Policy and Management, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA; The Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.
3
The Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.
4
The Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA; Department of Epidemiology, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.
5
Optum, Eden Prairie, MN, USA.
6
Duke Clinical Research Institute, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Medicare claims and prospective studies with self-reported utilization are important sources of hospitalization data for epidemiologic and outcomes research.

OBJECTIVES:

To assess the concordance of Medicare claims merged with interview-based surveillance data to determine factors associated with source completeness.

METHODS:

The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study recruited 15,792 cohort participants aged 45 to 64 years in the period 1987 to 1989 from four communities. Hospitalization records obtained through cohort report and hospital record abstraction were matched to Medicare inpatient records (MedPAR) from 2006 to 2011. Factors associated with concordance were assessed graphically and using multinomial logit regression.

RESULTS:

Among fee-for-service enrollees, MedPAR and ARIC hospitalizations matched approximately 67% of the time. For Medicare Advantage enrollees, completeness increased after initiation of hospital financial incentives in 2008 to submit shadow bills for Medicare Advantage enrollees. Concordance varied by geographic site, age, veteran status, proximity to death, study attrition, and whether hospitalizations were within ARIC catchment areas.

CONCLUSIONS:

ARIC and MedPAR records had good concordance among fee-for-service enrollees, but many hospitalizations were available from only one source. MedPAR hospital records may be missing for veterans or observation stays. Maintaining study participation increases stay completeness, but new sources such as electronic health records may be more efficient than surveillance for mobile elderly populations.

KEYWORDS:

Medicare; data linkage; data sources; hospitalizations

PMID:
28577695
PMCID:
PMC5458617
DOI:
10.1016/j.jval.2016.04.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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