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Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2017 Apr;95:9-14. doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2017.01.032. Epub 2017 Jan 31.

A national survey of knowledge, attitude and practices among pediatricians towards newborn hearing screening in India.

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Dept. of Speech and Hearing, School of Allied Health Sciences, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India. Electronic address:
Dept. of Speech and Hearing, School of Allied Health Sciences, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India.
Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Karnataka, India.



Pediatricians have a key role in ensuring that infant has undergone hearing screening and required follow-up. Attempts in various countries and centers have been made at exploring their knowledge, attitude and practices towards universal newborn hearing screening. In India, such a program is at its preliminary stage, and hence a need was felt to study this aspect in pediatricians working in India.


A cross-sectional online survey was carried out among 112 pediatricians working in India. The questionnaire was framed after reviewing the existing questionnaires. Descriptive statistics was used to summarize the findings.


A response rate of 7.99% (112/1402) was obtained of which only 20.5% reported of availability of screening program in their work set-up. The majority of the pediatricians (95%) were aware of the newborn hearing screening while 98.3% were affirmative about the importance of screening of all infants. Very few pediatricians reported of a screening program in their set-up or in their close locality. Overall the pediatricians were confident about their knowledge on this topic yet expressed a need to know more about several intricacies about hearing screening. The pediatricians also provided an input on the most preferred method of receiving more information.


The success of the universal newborn hearing screening program lies in the support and cooperation of health care providers such as pediatricians. The present study draws attention to the positive attitude and practices exhibited by them. It also sheds light on the knowledge gaps that are present and need the due attention of the policy makers. Further, it highlights the need for having more continuing medical education program and awareness drives for ensuring a better implementation of UNHS.


Attitude; Knowledge; Newborn hearing screening; Pediatricians; Practices

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