Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Food Microbiol. 2017 Sep;66:173-183. doi: 10.1016/j.fm.2017.05.002. Epub 2017 May 6.

Large-scale targeted metagenomics analysis of bacterial ecological changes in 88 kimchi samples during fermentation.

Author information

1
Microbiology and Functionality Research Group, World Institute of Kimchi, Gwangju, 61755, Republic of Korea.
2
Microbiology and Functionality Research Group, World Institute of Kimchi, Gwangju, 61755, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: jychang@wikim.re.kr.

Abstract

The microbial communities in kimchi vary widely, but the precise effects of differences in region of origin, ingredients, and preparation method on the microbiota are unclear. We analyzed the bacterial community composition of household (n = 69) and commercial (n = 19) kimchi samples obtained from six Korean provinces between April and August 2015. Samples were analyzed by barcoded pyrosequencing targeting the V1-V3 region of the 16S ribosomal RNA gene. The initial pH of the kimchi samples was 5.00-6.39, and the salt concentration was 1.72-4.42%. Except for sampling locality, all categorical variables, i.e., salt concentration, major ingredient, fermentation period, sampling time, and manufacturing process, influenced the bacterial community composition. Particularly, samples were highly clustered by sampling time and salt concentration in non-metric multidimensional scaling plots and an analysis of similarity. These results indicated that the microbial community differed according to fermentation conditions such as salt concentration, major ingredient, fermentation period, and sampling time. Furthermore, fermentation properties, including pH, acidity, salt concentration, and microbial abundance differed between kimchi samples from household and commercial sources. Analyses of changes in bacterial ecology during fermentation will improve our understanding of the biological properties of kimchi, as well as the relationships between these properties and the microbiota of kimchi.

KEYWORDS:

Bacterial community; Kimchi; Lactic acid bacteria; Pyrosequencing; Vegetable fermentation

PMID:
28576366
DOI:
10.1016/j.fm.2017.05.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center