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Clin Med (Lond). 2017 Jun;17(3):263-269. doi: 10.7861/clinmedicine.17-3-263.

Hyponatraemia - presentations and management.

Author information

1
Adelaide and Meath Hospitals Incorporating the National Children's Hospital, Tallaght, Dublin and Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland.
2
Beaumont Hospital/RCSI Medical School, Dublin, Ireland.
3
Adelaide and Meath Hospitals Incorporating the National Children's Hospital, Tallaght Dublin and Trinity College Dublin, Ireland Mark.sherlock@amnch.ie.

Abstract

Hyponatraemia is the most common electrolyte disturbance encountered in clinical practice. It is associated with -significant morbidity and mortality, thus appropriate investigation and treatment is essential. Hyponatraemia presents with a spectrum of clinical presentations ranging from no symptoms to life-threatening neurological sequelae. Hyponatraemia has multiple aetiologies and distinguishing the underlying aetiology facilitates appropriate treatment. This review provides an overview of the presentations and approaches to management of this common clinical condition.

KEYWORDS:

Hyponatraemia; plasma osmolality; syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis; urine sodium; vasopressin

PMID:
28572229
DOI:
10.7861/clinmedicine.17-3-263
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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