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J R Coll Physicians Edinb. 2017 Mar;47(1):30-34. doi: 10.4997/JRCPE.2017.107.

Safety and efficacy of self-expandable metal stents for obstructive proximal and distal large bowel cancer.

Author information

1
V Mitra, James Cook University Hospital, Marton Rd, Middlesbrough TS4 3BW, UK. Email: mitravikram@aol.com.

Abstract

Self-expandable metal stents are often used to treat obstructive large bowel cancers. This study assessed the safety and efficacy of colonic stent insertion carried out in a district general hospital. Methods A retrospective review was carried out between 1 January 2007 and 28 February 2014 to identify patients who underwent stent insertion for malignant colorectal obstruction. Results Seventy-five patients (median age 75.2 years, 70.6% male) with primary colorectal cancer underwent stent insertion - 53 underwent semi-elective self-expanded metal stent insertion (for subacute bowel obstruction) and 22 had emergency stent inserted (for acute bowel obstruction). The majority (88%) had self-expanded metal stents inserted for palliation. Technical and clinical success rates were 98.7% and 91.2%, respectively. One patient had stent-related perforation; there was no procedure-related mortality. Conclusion This study shows that self-expanded metal stent insertion in malignant colorectal obstruction is safe and effective and can be successfully delivered in a district general hospital with high technical and clinical success rates.

KEYWORDS:

acute bowel obstruction; colorectal cancer; district general hospital; self-expanded metal stent

PMID:
28569279
DOI:
10.4997/JRCPE.2017.107
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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