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Chron Respir Dis. 2018 Feb;15(1):71-80. doi: 10.1177/1479972317709643. Epub 2017 Jun 1.

Patient and health care professional perspectives on using telehealth to deliver pulmonary rehabilitation.

Author information

1
1 Centre for Heart Lung Innovation, University of British Columbia (UBC), Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
2
2 Department of Physical Therapy, UBC, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
3
3 Digital Emergency Medicine, UBC, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
4
4 Arthritis Research Canada, Richmond, Canada.
5
5 Electrical and Computer Engineering, UBC, Vancouver, Canada.
6
6 Division of Respiratory Medicine, Department of Medicine, UBC, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
7
7 Providence Health Care, St. Paul's Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Abstract

The objective of this study was to identify the necessary features of pulmonary telerehabilitation (P-TR) from the perspectives of individuals living with chronic lung disease and health care professionals (HCPs) who deliver pulmonary rehabilitation (PR). Focus groups were carried out with patients ( n = 26) and HCPs ( n = 26) to elicit and explore their opinions about the critical elements of in-person PR and ideas for how these elements could be supported using technology. A questionnaire was used to assess technology use, PR experience, and general health status. Four key elements of PR were identified as critical to P-TR: the social aspect of PR; communicating with HCPs for education and support; using biosensors for monitoring and promoting self-knowledge; and the evolution of support with progress over time. A range of technology-enabled devices and programs were suggested as means to recreate aspects of these integral elements. Consultations with patients and HCPs suggest that users are interested in technology and want to ensure it recreates the important aspects of PR. Patients and HCPs identified similar key elements for P-TR. The opinions and suggestions of patients and HCPs should be the driving force of innovation if P-TR is to succeed in improving health outcomes.

KEYWORDS:

Chronic lung disease; chronic obstructive lung disease; focus groups; pulmonary rehabilitation; qualitative methods; technology; telerehabilitation

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