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SAGE Open Med. 2017 May 15;5:2050312117707152. doi: 10.1177/2050312117707152. eCollection 2017.

Dyslipidemia management in overweight or obese adolescents: A mixed-methods clinical trial of motivational interviewing.

Author information

1
Labatt Family Heart Centre, Department of Paediatrics, University of Toronto, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON, Canada.
2
Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Nursing, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada.
3
School of Psychiatry, Black Dog Institute, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Lifestyle management for dyslipidemic adolescents often occurs in the context of family-centered care, which necessitates adaptation of counseling strategies.

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the effectiveness of motivational interviewing for lifestyle behavior change for dyslipidemic adolescents in a dyad with a parent versus alone.

METHODS:

A total number of 32 adolescents were randomized 1:1 to receive a series of motivational interviewing sessions either together with a parent or alone for a 6-month intervention, with both quantitative and qualitative assessment of outcomes.

RESULTS:

Both groups were similar at baseline. Following the intervention, there were no significant differences between groups in physical, laboratory, lifestyle or psychosocial measures, except for a reduction in dietary fats/sugars (p = 0.02) and in screen time (p = 0.02) in the alone group. When both groups were combined, significant reductions at 6 months were noted for body mass index (p < 0.001), waist circumference (p < 0.001), total cholesterol (p < 0.001), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (p < 0.001), triglycerides (p = 0.01), non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (p < 0.001), fasting insulin (p = 0.01), and homeostatic model (p = 0.02). Reduced screen time and increased fruit and vegetable intake were also noted for both groups combined. These changes were also reflected in self-efficacy (p = 0.004), self-esteem (p = 0.03), and improvement in quality of life measures. Interview data provided insights into the utility and acceptability of the motivational interviewing intervention.

CONCLUSION:

Motivational interviewing was an efficient strategy for inspiring healthy lifestyle and physiological changes among adolescents in both groups. Family centered pediatric approaches should consider the autonomy and individual preferences of the adolescent prior to counseling.

KEYWORDS:

Motivational interviewing; adolescents; cardiovascular risk; dyslipidemia; high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; obesity; overweight; total cholesterol; triglycerides

Conflict of interest statement

Declaration of conflicting interests: The author(s) declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.

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