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Int J Radiat Biol. 2017 Sep;93(9):980-989. doi: 10.1080/09553002.2017.1337279. Epub 2017 Jun 20.

Effects of acute and chronic exposure to both 900 MHz and 2100 MHz electromagnetic radiation on glutamate receptor signaling pathway.

Author information

1
a Faculty of Engineering, Department of Biomedical Engineering , Akdeniz University , Antalya , Turkey.
2
b Faculty of Medicine, Department of Biophysics , Akdeniz University , Antalya , Turkey.
3
c Faculty of Engineering, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering , Akdeniz University , Antalya , Turkey.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To demonstrate the molecular effects of acute and chronic exposure to both 900 and 2100 MHz radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation (RF-EMR) on the hippocampal level/activity of some of the enzymes - including PKA, CaMKIIα, CREB, and p44/42 MAPK - from N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR)-related signaling pathways.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Rats were divided into the following groups: sham rats, and rats exposed to 900 and 2100 MHz RF-EMR for 2 h/day for acute (1 week) or chronic (10 weeks), respectively. Western blotting and activity measurement assays were used to assess the level/activity of the selected enzymes.

RESULTS:

The obtained results revealed that the hippocampal level/activity of selected enzymes was significantly higher in the chronic groups as compared to the acute groups at both 900 and 2100 MHz RF-EMR exposure. In addition, hippocampal level/activity of selected enzymes was significantly higher at 2100 MHz RF-EMR than 900 MHz RF-EMR in both acute and chronic groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

The present study provides experimental evidence that both exposure duration (1 week versus 10 weeks) and different carrier frequencies (900 vs. 2100 MHz) had different effects on the protein expression of hippocampus in Wistar rats, which might encourage further research on protection against RF-EMR exposure.

KEYWORDS:

CREB; CaMKIIα; PKA; RF-EMR; p44/42 MAPK

PMID:
28565929
DOI:
10.1080/09553002.2017.1337279
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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