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Endoscopy. 2017 Sep;49(9):848-854. doi: 10.1055/s-0043-110670. Epub 2017 May 31.

Clinical utility of a functional lumen imaging probe in management of dysphagia following head and neck cancer therapies.

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Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, St George Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
St George Clinical School, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
Speech Pathology Department, St George Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
Department of Radiation Oncology and Molecular Radiation Sciences, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.
Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.
Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Care Centre, St George Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.


Background and aims Chemoradiotherapy for head and neck cancer (HNC) with/without laryngectomy commonly causes dysphagia. Pharyngoesophageal junction (PEJ) stricturing is an important contributor. We aimed to validate a functional lumen imaging probe (the EndoFLIP system) as a tool for quantitating pretreatment PEJ distensibility and treatment-related changes in HNC survivors with dysphagia and to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of EndoFLIP-derived distensibility in detecting PEJ strictures. Methods We studied 34 consecutive HNC survivors with long-term (> 12 months) dysphagia who underwent endoscopic dilation for suspected strictures. Twenty non-dysphagic patients undergoing routine endoscopy served as controls. PEJ distensibility was measured at endoscopy with the EndoFLIP system pre- and post-dilation. PEJ stricture was defined as the presence of a mucosal tear post-dilation. Results PEJ stricture was confirmed in 22/34 HNC patients (65 %). During distension up to 60 mmHg, the mean EndoFLIP-derived narrowest cross-sectional area (nCSA) in HNC patients with strictures, without strictures, and in controls were 58 mm2 (95 % confidence interval [CI] 22 to 118), 195 mm2 (95 %CI 129 to 334), and 227 mm2 (95 %CI 168 to 316), respectively. A cutoff of 114 mm2 for the nCSA at the PEJ had perfect diagnostic accuracy in detecting strictures (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve = 1). In patients with strictures, a single session of dilation increased the nCSA by 29 mm2 (95 %CI 20 to 37; P < 0.001). In patients with no strictures, dilation caused no change in the nCSA (mean difference 13 mm2 [95 %CI -4 to 30]; P = 0.13). Conclusions EndoFLIP is a highly accurate technique for the detection of PEJ strictures. EndoFLIP may complement conventional diagnostic tools in the detection of pharyngeal outflow obstruction.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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