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Community Dent Health. 2017 Mar;34(1):46-49. doi: 10.1922/CDH_3940Hysi04.

Dental caries experience among Albanian pre-school children: a national survey.

Author information

1
Faculty of Dental Medicine, University of Medicine of Tirana, Albania.
2
Private Practice Paediatric Dentistry, Istanbul, Turkey and Tirana, Albania.
3
Private /Practice Paediatric Dentistry, Istanbul, Turkey and Tirana, Albania.

Abstract

Objective:

To determine the dental caries experience and treatment needs among 5-year-olds in Albania.

Research Design:

This cross sectional study was conducted in 2015 by using a cluster sampling technique. The dmft was used to assess dental caries experience and caries prevalence as percentages of children with dmf⟩0. Caries treatment needs were assessed with dt/dmft x 100, missing teeth with mt/dmft x 100 and ft /dmft x 100 as the Care Index.

Participants:

2,039 five-year-olds, from 17 districts of Albania were selected . Children's residency was divided into 3 main regions (South, West, Central and North).

Method:

WHO 2013 diagnostic criteria were used and dental caries was recorded at cavity level d3.

Results::

The mean age was 5.4 (SD 0.5) years. The caries prevalence (dmf⟩0) was 84.1%. The prevalence of children without cavitated lesions (d=0) was 20.1%. The mean dmft index was 4.41 (SD 3.83). The caries treatment needs were 84% (SD 26%).

Conclusions:

The Albanian 5-year-olds assessed in this survey had a high dental caries experience and untreated cavities in the primary dentition. The national health authorities should introduce preventive programs and improved dental care access for this age group.

KEYWORDS:

5-year-old children; Albania; caries prevalence; dmft dmf index; national survey; treatments need

PMID:
28561558
DOI:
10.1922/CDH_3940Hysi04
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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