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J Arthroplasty. 2017 Oct;32(10):3056-3060. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2017.04.046. Epub 2017 May 4.

Quantifying Pelvic Motion During Total Hip Arthroplasty Using a New Surgical Navigation Device.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, NYU Langone Medical Center-Hospital for Joint Diseases, New York, New York.
2
Department of Clinical Research, Intellijoint Surgical, Inc, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.
3
Department of Orthopedics, Central DuPage Hospital, Winfield, Illinois.
4
Department of Orthopedics, MacNeal Hospital, Berwyn, Illinois.
5
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, New York.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Accurate cup positioning is one of the most challenging aspects of total hip arthroplasty (THA). Undetected movement of the patient during THA surgery can lead to inaccuracies in cup anteversion and inclination, increasing the potential for dislocation and revision surgery. Investigations into the magnitude of patient motion during THA are not well represented in the literature.

METHODS:

We analyzed intraoperative pelvic motion using a novel navigation device used to assist surgeons with cup position, leg length, and offset during THA. This device uses an integrated accelerometer to measure motion in 2 orthogonal degrees of freedom. We reviewed the data from 99 cases completed between February and September 2016.

RESULTS:

The mean amount of pitch recorded per patient was 2.7° (standard deviation, 2.2; range, 0.1°-9.9°), whereas mean roll per patient was 7.3° (standard deviation, 5.5; range, 0.3°-31.3°). Twenty-one percent (21 of 99) of patients demonstrated pitch of >4°. Sixty-nine percent (68 of 99) of patients demonstrated >4° of roll, and 25% (25 of 99) of patients demonstrated roll of ≥10°.

CONCLUSION:

Our findings indicate that while the majority of intraoperative motion is <4°, many patients experience significant roll, with a large proportion rolling >10°. This degree of movement has implications for acetabular cup position, as failure to compensate for this motion can result in placement of the cup outside the planned safe zone, thus, increasing the potential for dislocation. Further study is warranted to determine the effect of this motion on cup position, leg length, and offset.

KEYWORDS:

cup position; navigation; pelvic movement; surgical; total hip arthroplasty

PMID:
28559196
DOI:
10.1016/j.arth.2017.04.046
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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