Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Acad Med. 2017 Jun;92(6):739-742. doi: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000001503.

Is It Time for Entrustable Professional Activities for Residency Program Directors?

Author information

R.G. Bing-You is vice president for medical education and designated institutional official, Maine Medical Center, Portland, Maine. E. Holmboe is senior vice president, Milestone Development and Evaluation, Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, Chicago, Illinois. K. Varaklis is obstetrics/gynecology residency program director and assistant to the designated institutional official, Maine Medical Center, Portland, Maine. J. Linder is director of student affairs, Tufts University School of Medicine-Maine Medical Center Program, Portland, Maine.


Residency program directors (PDs) play an important role in establishing and leading high-quality graduate medical education programs. However, medical educators have failed to codify the position on a national level, and PDs are often not recognized for the significant role they play. The authors of this Commentary argue that the core entrustable professional activities (EPAs) framework may be a mechanism to further this work and define the roles and responsibilities of the PD position. Based on personal observations as PDs and communications with others in the academic medicine community, the authors used work in competency-based medical education to define a list of potential EPAs for PDs. The benefits of developing these EPAs include being able to define competencies for PDs using a deconstructive process, highlighting the increasingly important role PDs play in leading high-quality graduate medical education programs, using EPAs as a framework to assess PD performance and provide feedback, allowing PDs to focus their professional development efforts on the most important areas for their work, and helping guide the PD recruitment and selection processes.

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
    Loading ...
    Support Center