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Int J Audiol. 2017 Oct;56(10):716-722. doi: 10.1080/14992027.2017.1331049. Epub 2017 May 27.

Relationship between dietary quality, tinnitus and hearing level: data from the national health and nutrition examination survey, 1999-2002.

Author information

1
a Department of Otolaryngology and Communicative Sciences , University of Mississippi Medical Center , Jackson , MS , USA.
2
b Department of Data Science , University of Mississippi Medical Center , Jackson , MS , USA , and.
3
c School of Behavioral and Brain Sciences , The University of Texas at Dallas , Dallas , TX , USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the relationship between the healthy eating index (HEI), a measure of dietary quality based on United States Department of Agriculture recommendations and report of tinnitus.

DESIGN:

This cross-sectional analysis was based on HEI data and report of tinnitus.

STUDY SAMPLE:

Data for adults between 20 and 69 years of age were drawn from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 1999-2002. The NHANES is a programme of studies, to assess the health and nutritional status of adults and children in the United States. Two thousand one hundred and seventy-six participants were included in the analytic sample.

RESULTS:

Of the sample, 21.1% reported tinnitus within the past year and 11.7% reported persistent tinnitus, defined as tinnitus experienced at least monthly or greater. Controlling for age, sex, race/ethnicity, diabetes, noise exposure and smoking status, we found that with healthier diet (poorer vs. better HEI) there was decreased odds of reported persistent tinnitus [odds ratio (OR); 0.67; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.45-0.98; pā€‰=ā€‰0.03].

CONCLUSIONS:

The current findings support a possible relationship between healthier diet quality and reported persistent tinnitus.

KEYWORDS:

Tinnitus; diet; epidemiology; hearing; loss; nutrition

PMID:
28553744
DOI:
10.1080/14992027.2017.1331049
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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