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Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2017 Sep;80:89-98. doi: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2017.05.018. Epub 2017 May 25.

Prenatal alcohol exposure and traumatic childhood experiences: A systematic review.

Author information

1
School of Health Sciences, University of Salford, Manchester, UK. Electronic address: a.d.price1@edu.salford.ac.uk.
2
School of Health Sciences, University of Salford, Manchester, UK.
3
School of Health Sciences, University of Salford, Manchester, UK; Surrey and Borders Partnership NHS Foundation Trust, UK.

Abstract

Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) and traumatic childhood experiences (trauma) such as abuse or neglect can each cause central nervous system neurobiological changes or structural damage which can manifest as cognitive and behavioural dysfunction. In cases where both exposures have occurred, the risk of neurodevelopmental impairment may be greater, but this interaction has not been well studied. Here we present a systematic review that identified five primary research studies which investigated either the impact of trauma in children with PAE, or of PAE in children with trauma. Due to the heterogeneity of studies, narrative analysis was applied. Children in these cohorts with both exposures were more likely to show deficits in language, attention, memory and intelligence, and exhibit more severe behavioural problems than children with one exposure in absence of the other. However, the current literature is scarce and methodologically flawed. Further studies are required that: assess dual exposure in other neurodevelopmental domains; feature developmentally impaired yet non-exposed controls; and account for the wide spectrum of effects and different diagnostic criteria associated with PAE.

KEYWORDS:

FASD; Maltreatment; Prenatal alcohol exposure; Systematic review; Trauma

PMID:
28552459
DOI:
10.1016/j.neubiorev.2017.05.018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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