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Handb Clin Neurol. 2017;143:117-123. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-444-63640-9.00011-4.

Endovascular management of intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas.

Author information

1
Department of Neurosurgery, Barrow Neurological Institute, St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix, AZ, USA.
2
Department of Neurosurgery, Barrow Neurological Institute, St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix, AZ, USA. Electronic address: Neuropub@dignityhealth.org.

Abstract

Dural arteriovenous fistulas are a heterogeneous group of lesions that comprise 10-15% of intracranial vascular malformations. The treatment strategy is devised after careful consideration of the arterial supply, venous drainage, clinical presentation, and risk of progression, hemorrhage, or neurologic decline. With recent advancements in endovascular technology, the majority of dural arteriovenous fistulas can be treated with either transarterial or transvenous embolization. Those that cannot be fully treated by endovascular means are approached with either adjuvant surgery or radiotherapy.

KEYWORDS:

dural arteriovenous fistula; intracranial dural arteriovenous fistula; intracranial hemorrhage; transarterial embolization; transvenous embolization

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