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Acad Radiol. 2017 Oct;24(10):1288-1294. doi: 10.1016/j.acra.2017.04.010. Epub 2017 May 24.

Regional Variation in Skeletal Muscle and Adipose Tissue FDG Uptake Using PET/CT and Their Relation to BMI.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104.
2
Department of Emergency Medicine, Division of Occupational Medicine, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
3
Department of Radiology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104. Electronic address: Drew.Torigian@uphs.upenn.edu.

Abstract

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES:

Skeletal muscle metabolism is a primary contributor to whole-body energy expenditure. Currently, methods to measure changes in skeletal muscle metabolism in vivo are limited. Our objectives were to characterize the regional variation in skeletal muscle and adipose tissue (AT) FDG uptake as a surrogate for glycolytic metabolism using 18F-2-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) in healthy men and to correlate these findings to body mass index (BMI).

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Eighteen healthy men were enrolled and underwent FDG-PET/CT. The mean standardized uptake value of 14 skeletal muscles and two AT regions was measured and linear regression analysis was performed to identify metabolic predictors of BMI.

RESULTS:

FDG-PET/CT reliably detected changes in skeletal muscle and AT depot metabolic activity based on location. The most metabolically active muscles were those used for posture and breathing, which have the highest percentage of reported type I muscle myofiber content. Visceral AT tended to have a higher FDG uptake than subcutaneous AT. The mean standardized uptake value of VAT, pectoralis major, and gluteus maximus muscles accounted for 64% of the variance in BMI.

CONCLUSIONS:

FDG-PET/CT can be used to quantify the regional variation in glucose metabolism of multiple skeletal muscle groups and AT depots.

KEYWORDS:

FDG-PET/CT; Skeletal muscle; adipose tissue; metabolism

PMID:
28551398
PMCID:
PMC5591761
DOI:
10.1016/j.acra.2017.04.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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